The GHG (Greenhouse Gas) footprint, also known as the carbon footprint, refers to the total amount of greenhouse gases, measured in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), that are emitted directly or indirectly by an individual, organization, event, or product throughout its life cycle. This life cycle typically includes the extraction or cultivation of raw materials, production, transportation, use, and disposal.

Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases, trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect and, subsequently, climate change. The GHG footprint is a measure of the impact of human activities on the environment in terms of their contribution to global warming and climate change.

Calculating the GHG footprint involves assessing the emissions associated with various activities and processes, and then converting them into CO2e to provide a standardized measure. Common sources of emissions include energy consumption, transportation, industrial processes, and the use of certain materials.

Reducing the GHG footprint is a key goal for individuals, businesses, and governments aiming to mitigate climate change. It involves implementing strategies to decrease emissions, such as transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and adopting sustainable practices throughout the supply chain.

Measuring and understanding the GHG footprint is an essential step in developing effective strategies to address climate change and move toward a more sustainable and low-carbon future. Many organizations and businesses conduct GHG assessments as part of their sustainability initiatives to identify opportunities for improvement and demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility.